How Slope Meters Help Construct Architectural Marvels

July 15, 2014

The construction of an inclined surface or a crown depends heavily on the measurement of the angle of slope in terms of continuous accuracy. Slope meters measure the tilt angle using a tilt meter, tilt indicator, level gauge, level meter, or gradient meter. It can measure both the inclines or positive slopes, as well as the declines or negative slopes.

The meter basically has two component parts. First is its base or flat side which is mounted on a surface, and the second is a half-filled hollow disk which stands on the base. Liquid fills almost half the volume of the disc and shows the desired inclination or tilt angle in respect to the base. A graduated scale of angles is marked on the glass surface of the disc, which gives the value of the tilt in degrees, percent, or topo.

The instrument is built quite robustly and is hermetically sealed in order to withstand extreme working conditions such as heat, cold, dust, rain, and snow. It can be used for both wide and narrow range of slopes. The narrower the range, the better its accuracy level is.

“Percent of grade” can be estimated with inclination meters when mounted on tunneling machines, wheel ditchers, and asphalt pavers. Operators in bull-dozers and motor graders also check the indicated slope values on a continuous basis. Accuracy of the slope reduces the error in cutting, and increases efficiency.

When the meter is correctly installed on a motor grader or any other machine, the operator gets continuous and accurate indications of slopes. It enables them to construct designed slopes without any waves. The chance of cutting more slope, and thereby removing more dirt than what the operator is paid for, is also minimized when the instrument is in place.

The operators of asphalt pavers, wheel ditchers, and tunneling machines can estimate “percent of grade” with the help of tilt meters. Bull-dozers and motor graders also use the slope values while leveling or grading uneven surfaces. Construction engineers certainly need to measure the slopes as well when building crowns or inclined surfaces.

Water puddles on roads after a heavy downpour causes trouble for travelers and damages the road. This happens when some low spots or flat surfaces are developed while constructing the road. This problem can, however, be solved if the meters are used during road construction.

The continuous display of slope values doesn’t allow any flat or low spot build up on the road if installed correctly on the machines used. The operator repeatedly checks the accurate value of the inclination, and takes corrective measures while casting slabs or laying asphalts on the roads. While constructing the intended slope, they also need to cut the surface and remove dirt and debris. There will be less rubble on the road if the meter is accurate.

Installing the instrument on the dashboard to receive the slope value continuously enables a driver to estimate the safe or optimum “curve speed” almost instantly. Considering its utility, demand for these instrument increases day by day. Hundreds of companies offer their range of products, so one must select the meter that suits him or her most.

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posted in Autos by Marylou Forbes

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